This is a very important stage for the development of the brain. Your child is learning 10 new things a day. They enthusiastically use their five senses to actively explore the world around them. Emotionally, one year olds are just learning to recognize and manage their feelings. Socialization is learned through interaction with other children that are the same age. Children will develop vocabulary of several hundred words and will begin to use 2 to 3 word sentences, they will learn to sing and hum songs, they will begin to point to eyes, nose, ears, mouth, and will imitate their parents and teacher’s actions. Literacy begins at birth and is a key element in a child’s development. We, at Concordia, use language and literacy as one of our building blocks for successful learning.
Two year olds enjoy using their senses and motor skills to explore the world and are highly curious about unfamiliar objects, events and phenomena. They can solve simple problems with the “trial and error” method. During the year, they will pick up most parts of speech in order to from complete sentences. They can understand and say hundreds of words. They also understand simple directions and many common phrases. They are laying the groundwork for reading and writing. Two year olds use their motor skills to explore the creative arts. They make sounds by banging and shaking instruments and household items. They enjoy dancing, doing finger plays and acting out chants and songs.
A three year old learns through exploring and using all of the senses. While playing they are better able to ignore distractions and focus on the task at hand. Language is taking off. They learn lots of new words and make major improvements in pronunciation. They communicate in simple sentences and are refining their grammar. They are able to listen and understand conversations, stories, songs and poems.
Four year olds will be improving old skills while developing new ones. Everything new is of interest and their curiosity is abundant with overflowing energy. Children this age need a lot of gross motor activities and they don’t like to sit for long periods. They have a wild imagination, and are extremely verbal. Friends are important and they are sociable.
Five year olds are literal, practical and do exactly what they are asked. They like group experiences and need reassurance by their teacher. Morals are forming and they have a great sense of right and wrong. Motor development is good, writing skills improve and math skills develop at a fast rate.